What a World, What a World
After last week’s (and this morning's) headlines and bond market activity, the only thing that came to mind was that line from the Wizard of Oz. Incredibly, we went from a complete re-pricing of further Fed rate hikes to a setting where safe-haven buying due to concerns surrounding the banking sector took center stage in Treasuries. Let’s take a look at recent developments.
- Obviously, the headlines, and attendant money and bond market reactions, are being dominated by news surrounding the impacts of the beleaguered Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) failure
- The Fed has put in place a new facility, the Bank Term Funding Program (BTFP). This funding mechanism offers “loans of up to one year in length to banks, savings associations, credit unions, and other eligible depository institutions pledging U.S. Treasuries, agency debt and mortgage-backed securities, and other qualifying assets as collateral. These assets will be valued at par.”
- It is estimated that BTFP could shield banks from $620 billion in paper losses. For some perspective, the original size of the Troubled Assets Relief Program (TARP) was $787 billion
- The implied probability for fed funds has plummeted by more than 150 basis points (bps) for January 2024 since March 8th (Powell’s Semiannual Monetary Policy testimony), with essentially no rate hike being expected for next week’s FOMC meeting (as of this writing)
- Besides the fed funds rate, the Fed could also turn to their balance sheet and make changes to their quantitative tightening (QT) program if deemed appropriate
- As far as Treasury (UST) yields are concerned, the news on Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) created heightened anxieties about potential stresses in the banking sector and resulted in safe-haven buying, pushing yields dramatically lower
- The UST 2-year yield has plunged 100bps, as of this writing, in just the last three days as flight-to-quality buying and Fed rate cuts are now back to being priced in
- When/If the markets calm down on this front, I would not be surprised to see UST yields reverse course and move back up again
If you’re still interested…
- As far as the jobs data, headlines stated it was a “mixed” report, but you need to look at it within the context of last month’s blockbuster payroll numbers, i.e., the labor market remains solid notwithstanding the surprising gain in weekly claims last week (they’re still low, however)
- From a strictly data perspective, the Fed would normally look at both the Jan and Feb jobs reports in their “totality,” and there is nothing there to suggest Powell would have said much, if anything, different last week if he knew what the latest jobs numbers were in advance
- FWIW, I was surprised Powell opened the door to a potential 50bp rate hike for the March FOMC meeting…it just confused the markets and created even more unnecessary volatility
- Prior to the news surrounding SVB, et.al., this week’s CPI report would have taken center stage…but arguably, the narrative has now changed considerably
Bottom line: Admittedly, investors may find it difficult to look at the current landscape outside of the prism of the SVB-related headlines. The situation will more than likely be extremely fluid in the days (if not weeks) ahead. From a strictly fundamental perspective, the data were pointing towards ongoing rate hikes and a higher terminal peak level. However, the uncertainty quotient has been heightened, and with it, future Fed policy decisions.