Fed Watch: End of the Line?

Head of Fixed Income Strategy
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For the first time since the Federal Reserve began raising rates in March of last year, the FOMC voting members did not implement any increase at the June FOMC meeting. As a result, the Fed Funds trading range remains at 5%–5.25%, still the highest level since 2007. With Powell & Co. taking a pause from rate action, the more important question going forward is, now what?

Over the last month or so, the money and bond markets couldn’t figure out what the next steps for the policy makers would be. Immediately following the May FOMC meeting, expectations were for the Fed to possibly cut rates in June, and if not then, most assuredly at the July gathering. A funny thing happened afterward, as the narrative shifted to the ‘skip & hike’ school of thought—taking a pause in June and a better-than-50% probability of an increase at next month’s Fed meeting.

Interestingly, Chairman Powell may not necessarily share this outlook. If there has been any constant throughout this latest rate hike cycle, it has been how the Fed and the bond market just haven’t been on the same page. It all started with the ‘inflation is transitory’ stance from the policy makers before rate increases began and then shifted more recently to the notion the Fed would be cutting rates sooner and by a larger magnitude than Powell was envisioning. Now, it’s like we’ve come full circle. The implied probability for Fed Funds Futures is no longer for multiple rate cuts this year, but for just one, as of this writing.

That brings us back to the question of what investors should be expecting in terms of U.S. monetary policy for the remainder of this year. From the Chairman’s perspective, the Fed seems to be weighing the full impact of the 500 basis points (bps) in rate hikes that have already occurred in conjunction with the expected further tightening in credit conditions from the regional banking fallout. This puts the policy makers in full ‘data dependent’ mode and has recently given rise to the notion that decisions will be made on a meeting-by-meeting basis.

However, in my opinion, the bar has definitely been raised for another rate hike. It would not only take a stalling out in progress on the inflation front, but also—and this is arguably even more important—signs of continued firmness in the labor market. In addition, based on various reports, it appears Powell is not a fan of the ‘stop-and-go’ approach to policy decisions.

The Bottom Line

While another rate hike cannot be completely ruled out in the current data dependent stance, it does seem as if the Fed is now either at, or close to, the end of this rate hike cycle. The aforementioned skip & hike debate will more than likely be in the headlines, but I think the more important thing to focus on in portfolio decision-making is that rates are looking like they will be 'higher for longer.'


Related Blogs

Fed Watch: The Waiting Is the Hardest Part

Some Perspective on Banking Woes: Two Months Later

The New Fed Debate: Skip vs. Pause or Pause vs. Cut?

Debt Ceiling: Waiting for a Done Deal


About the Contributor
Head of Fixed Income Strategy
Follow Kevin Flanagan
As part of WisdomTree’s Investment Strategy group, Kevin serves as Head of Fixed Income Strategy. In this role, he contributes to the asset allocation team, writes fixed income-related content and travels with the sales team, conducting client-facing meetings and providing expertise on WisdomTree’s existing and future bond ETFs. In addition, Kevin works closely with the fixed income team. Prior to joining WisdomTree, Kevin spent 30 years at Morgan Stanley, where he was Managing Director and Chief Fixed Income Strategist for Wealth Management. He was responsible for tactical and strategic recommendations and created asset allocation models for fixed income securities. He was a contributor to the Morgan Stanley Wealth Management Global Investment Committee, primary author of Morgan Stanley Wealth Management’s monthly and weekly fixed income publications, and collaborated with the firm’s Research and Consulting Group Divisions to build ETF and fund manager asset allocation models. Kevin has an MBA from Pace University’s Lubin Graduate School of Business, and a B.S in Finance from Fairfield University.