Reviewing Top and Bottom Performers Year-to-Date
Top Five Performers
In the top five performers list, we see international markets represented exclusively, with a minimum return of nearly 20% required to make this list. The single best performer was the WisdomTree China ex-State-Owned Enterprises Fund, CXSE, followed closely by the same ex-state-owned enterprises strategy applied to the broader total emerging market universe, XSOE.
A key differentiator for both of WisdomTree’s Ex-State-Owned Enterprise Funds is a shift in weight toward consumer and technology sectors, and away from the state-owned companies that often are financial sector and energy companies. This has played out well, particularly in China, where CXSE’s performance is dramatically different from its cap-weighted counterparts from either MSCI or FTSE. While MSCI made news by announcing the A-shares China stock inclusion in its emerging market indexes at this year’s review, I believe the bigger story is the sector differentials caused by our ex-state-owned enterprises methodology, which has been a more important factor in driving performance recently.
India also has been a strong performer for WisdomTree in 2017—EPI, which represents a broad cross section of Indian markets, came in at no. 3 on the year-to-date (YTD) list. India has benefited from a strong leader in Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who is pushing the country to modernize its economy with aggressive changes that included rendering 86%1 of the cash in its society worthless—a bid to cut off corruption and informal parts of society that avoided taxation. This move also helped recapitalize banks as it forced people to deposit cash into the formal sector. Coming in the second half of this year, India will have changes to tax policy, which ultimately will lead to a better flow of goods across the country, but may lead to chaos in complying with a new system in the short run. WisdomTree’s earnings-weighted indexing approach for EPI helps manage valuation risks, and by including a broad cross section of the Indian markets—with heavier emphasis on mid- and small-cap stocks than traditional index providers focus on large caps—EPI, we believe, represents one of the better long-run exposures to emerging market growth.
The next two positions on the top five list were both European Funds, with the domestic economy strategy and the quality dividend growth strategy. The domestic economy strategy is designed to target companies most sensitive to economic growth in the eurozone, specifically including companies that derive more than 50% of their revenue from Europe. Sectors excluded from the Index include consumer staples, health care, telecommunications and utilities, leaving the Index more heavily weighted in domestically oriented cyclical stocks in the financials, industrials and consumer discretionary sectors. With WisdomTree’s Quality Dividend Growth Indexes focusing on quality screens (return on equity and return on assets), they tend to be under-weight financials more habitually and also under-weight energy in the short run. These Indexes tend to be over-weight sectors such as industrials, health care, consumer discretionary and technology. These sector shifts have paid off well in Europe. I recently wrote a piece about how a quality approach has paid off, not just this year for European assets, but over the long-run research.
Bottom Five Performers
Reviewing the bottom five list, we see three of the strategies were not equity positions—as most of the global equity markets are up this year. A notable underperformer of the bunch was our commodity strategy, GCC. My colleague Jeff Weniger recently wrote a piece on asset allocation strategies that favored the worst performers over the previous five years. He called it the “Stinker Study” and argued that investors should embrace the Stinker. Commodities have been out of favor not only for the last five years, but again this year.
Unwinding Trump trades: Three other exchange-traded funds (ETFs) on this bottom five YTD list can be broadly described as the unwinding of Trump trades.
First, U.S. dollar weakness. One of the supporters for the European domestic economy and quality dividend growth strategies above is the tailwind from a weakening U.S. dollar. USDU, our Bloomberg U.S. Dollar Bullish Fund, took a 6.4% hit to start 2017 on the opposite side of that coin.2
Expectations were set very high for the prospects of tax reform at the start of the year. Perhaps now expectations have been driven so low that the market is undercounting the potential for any changes in tax policies that would boost the U.S. dollar.
Similarly, small caps were some of the strongest performers after Donald Trump’s election, with a view that companies more sensitive to the prospects of the U.S. economy would benefit from a reduction in their corporate taxes more so than large caps, which have more offshore tax shields. U.S. small-cap indexes often are described as expensive on the valuation side—but looking at price-to-earnings (P/E) ratios on the two small-cap Funds that are on this bottom performers list, the quality strategy, DGRS, has a P/E ratio of around 17x, and the broader small-cap dividend Fund, DES, has a P/E ratio of 20x.3 These are reasonable multiples, especially if we get corporate tax reform that would boost earnings. These two Funds would make up my shopping list of where the conventional narrative has become too negative and discounting the prospects for meaningful changes in sentiment here.
The final ETF on this bottom five list, the WisdomTree Managed Futures Strategy Fund, WDTI, is one of the more challenging performers recently—like commodities discussed earlier. Managed futures strategies, particularly like those employed by WDTI, utilize a trend-following strategy that takes positions long and short based on recent price momentum. These momentum trends have not been consistent recently, and there has been a whipsawing in positions after they were established. It is hard to say what events will make assets start trending again, but this is another strategy that has been out of favor for a number of years. Because it is a strategy with low correlation to equities and bonds due to the ability to go long and short, when markets are at highs, we’ll be watching closely if this strategy starts to perk up again.
1Source: “Are banks equipped to replace 2,300 crore pieces of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 notes?” The Indian Express, 11/9/16.2Source: WisdomTree, 12/31/16–6/30/17.
3Source: WisdomTree, 6/30/17.
Important Risks Related to this Article
There are risks associated with investing, including possible loss of principal. Foreign investing involves special risks, such as risk of loss from currency fluctuation or political or economic uncertainty. Investments in emerging or offshore markets are generally less liquid and less efficient than investments in developed markets and are subject to additional risks, such as risks of adverse governmental regulation and intervention or political developments. Funds focusing their investments on certain sectors and/or regions increase their vulnerability to any single economic or regulatory development. This may result in greater share price volatility. Investments in currency involve additional special risks, such as credit risk and interest rate fluctuations. The Funds invest in the securities included in, or representative of, their Index regardless of their investment merit and the Funds do not attempt to outperform their Index or take defensive positions in declining markets.
Dividends are not guaranteed and a company currently paying dividends may cease paying dividends at any time.
Due to the investment strategy of some of the Funds they may make higher capital gain distributions than other ETFs.
An investment in the GCC Fund is speculative, involves a substantial degree of risk, and should not constitute an investor's entire portfolio. One of the risks associated with the Fund is the complexity of the different factors which contribute to the Fund's performance. These factors include use of commodity futures contracts. Derivatives can be volatile and may be less liquid than other securities and more sensitive to the effects of varied economic conditions. The value of the shares of the Fund relate directly to the value of the futures contracts and other assets held by the Fund and any fluctuation in the value of these assets could adversely affect an investment in the Fund’s shares. The Fund is not an Investment Company within the meaning of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, and is not subject to the regulations thereunder. Investments in commodities may be affected by overall market movements, changes in interest rates and other factors such as weather, disease, embargoes and international economic and political developments. Commodities and futures are generally volatile and are not suitable for all investors.
While the USDU Fund attempts to limit credit and counterparty exposure, the value of an investment in the Fund may change quickly and without warning in response to issuer or counterparty defaults and changes in the credit ratings of the Fund’s portfolio investments. The Fund’s investment in repurchase agreements may be subject to market and credit risk with respect to the collateral securing the repurchase agreements and may decline prior to the expiration of the repurchase agreement term. As this Fund can have a high concentration in some issuers, the Fund can be adversely impacted by changes affecting such issuers. Unlike typical exchange-traded Funds, there are no indexes that the Fund attempts to track or replicate. Thus, the ability of the Fund to achieve its objectives will depend on the effectiveness of the portfolio. Although the Fund invests in very short-term, investment grade instruments, the Fund is not a "money market" Fund, and it is not the objective of the Fund to maintain a constant share price.
An investment in the WDTI Fund is speculative and involves a substantial degree of risk. One of the risks associated with the Fund is the complexity of the different factors that contribute to the Fund’s performance, as well as its correlation (or non-correlation) to other asset classes. These factors include use of long and short positions in commodity futures contracts, currency forward contracts, swaps and other derivatives. Derivatives can be volatile and may be less liquid than other securities and more sensitive to the effects of varied economic conditions. The Fund generally does not make intra-month adjustments and therefore is subject to substantial losses if the market moves against the Fund’s established positions on an intra-month basis. The Fund is actively managed thus the ability of the Fund to achieve its objectives will depend on the effectiveness of the portfolio manager.
Please read each Fund’s prospectus for specific details regarding each Fund’s risk profile.
Jeremy Schwartz has served as our Global Chief Investment Officer since November 2021 and leads WisdomTree’s investment strategy team in the construction of WisdomTree’s equity Indexes, quantitative active strategies and multi-asset Model Portfolios. Jeremy joined WisdomTree in May 2005 as a Senior Analyst, adding Deputy Director of Research to his responsibilities in February 2007. He served as Director of Research from October 2008 to October 2018 and as Global Head of Research from November 2018 to November 2021. Before joining WisdomTree, he was a head research assistant for Professor Jeremy Siegel and, in 2022, became his co-author on the sixth edition of the book Stocks for the Long Run. Jeremy is also co-author of the Financial Analysts Journal paper “What Happened to the Original Stocks in the S&P 500?” He received his B.S. in economics from The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and hosts the Wharton Business Radio program Behind the Markets on SiriusXM 132. Jeremy is a member of the CFA Society of Philadelphia.