A Sustainable Investing Focus
Our latest Behind the Markets podcast features Audrey Choi, the chief sustainability officer at Morgan Stanley. Choi started her career as an investigative journalist covering post-reunification Germany. She spent six years in the Clinton administration, where she was chief of staff to Janet Yellen. She also worked on Internet policy as an advisor to Al Gore. She joined Morgan Stanley 13 years ago, and in 2009, Morgan Stanley launched a Global Sustainable Finance Group. Morgan Stanley launched its first set of sustainable investing portfolios in 2012 and had a “stretch” goal of raising $10 billion over five years. Eight years later, their team has $47 billion in sustainable portfolio assets.
Back in 2009, sustainable finance and sustainable investing were not common terms, but Morgan Stanley felt this was part of mainstream capital market activities. Only 10% of investment mandates included sustainability considerations. Now, Choi sees exponential growth.
According to the latest asset owner survey Choi’s team conducted, more than $12 trillion in U.S. assets have sustainable goals—more than one in four dollars invested. Globally, the sustainable rates are even higher, with one in three dollars invested in sustainable mandates.
Millennials and women were early adopters of sustainable goals, but over the last decade, men have closed the gap. Today, 85% of investors suggest they want their personal priorities incorporated into investments. Further, 95% of institutional investors say they either want to incorporate sustainable goals or plan to in the future.
In the early years, the biggest challenge for sustainable investing adoption was the fear that it would come at the expense of returns. Choi and Morgan Stanley founded the Institute for Sustainable Investing and looked at 11,000 mutual funds over 15 years of performance. Their research found no trade-off in lower returns, but sustainable funds had less downside risk and volatility. That trade-off attracted clients to sustainable investing, with their data showing investors do not need to sacrifice returns to achieve their personal priorities.
The next challenge is to understand how investments are aligned with goals such as climate change or eliminating waste and pollution. Morgan Stanley has developed tools to x-ray a portfolio for various sustainability exposures.
Sustainable investing is often incorporated into thematic expressions, and the top three themes from the recent survey of asset owners showed interest in climate change, plastic waste reduction and a circular economy (taking a resource and recycling its use multiple times).
Morgan Stanley believes firms focused on sustainable investments need to go beyond the investment offerings to living and breathing the ethos of sustainable investing.
Since plastic was invented, we’ve created eight trillion metric tons of plastic and six trillion has stayed as waste. Morgan Stanley committed to facilitating the prevention, reduction, and removal of 50 million tons of plastic waste from rivers, oceans, and landfills. Morgan Stanley worked with the World Bank to issue a $10 million bond with the specific focus on trying to reduce plastic waste. Later, Morgan Stanley worked with Pepsi to issue a $1 billion bond, with a significant amount of the proceeds intended to reduce plastic waste from their value chain. Then, Morgan Stanley worked with Alphabet to issue a $5.75 billion bond—the largest green bond issued to date—that had green goals and circular economy intentions. To Choi, this showed there is large demand for financial instruments tied to sustainable investment goals.
Morgan Stanley also recently launched a sustainable assets solution accelerator that is giving out five awards of $250,000 to accelerate solutions focused on issues like climate change that need both capital and a partnership to aid their development.
This was a great conversation on one of most important trends in the market today. You can listen to our full conversation with Audrey Choi below.
Jeremy Schwartz has served as our Global Chief Investment Officer since November 2021 and leads WisdomTree’s investment strategy team in the construction of WisdomTree’s equity Indexes, quantitative active strategies and multi-asset Model Portfolios. Jeremy joined WisdomTree in May 2005 as a Senior Analyst, adding Deputy Director of Research to his responsibilities in February 2007. He served as Director of Research from October 2008 to October 2018 and as Global Head of Research from November 2018 to November 2021. Before joining WisdomTree, he was a head research assistant for Professor Jeremy Siegel and, in 2022, became his co-author on the sixth edition of the book Stocks for the Long Run. Jeremy is also co-author of the Financial Analysts Journal paper “What Happened to the Original Stocks in the S&P 500?” He received his B.S. in economics from The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and hosts the Wharton Business Radio program Behind the Markets on SiriusXM 132. Jeremy is a member of the CFA Society of Philadelphia.