How to Hedge Your Emerging Market Allocations Against a Strong Dollar
2016—until the election—had been the year of emerging market dominance. Commodities came roaring back, and not only was it the year of emerging markets (EM), it was also the year of emerging market currencies (with a weak U.S. dollar) and the commodity sectors within emerging markets. Countries such as Brazil, Russia and Peru led, while commodity importers like India and Korea lagged.
Since the election, however, there has been a new regime. The U.S. dollar started strengthening, and emerging markets faced a setback—although commodities have remained robust in the hope that infrastructure spending will support commodities and discussions of oil production cuts have supported oil.
Valuations Make EM Attractive, but What about Currency Risk?
One of the points supporting emerging markets is that anyone building capital market assumptions that incorporate a valuation factor in setting outlook will tend to be over-weight emerging markets. In the WisdomTree High Dividend Index family, for instance, the Emerging Markets High Dividend Index traded at a 50% price-to-earnings (P/E) discount to the High Dividend U.S. Index , one of the widest margins in last nine years. Of course, emerging markets entail higher risk levels, so they should trade at a discount, but I believe investing is about taking risks that you are compensated to take, so emerging markets look attractive to many.
But emerging markets are also critically reliant today on both China’s economy not meaningfully deteriorating and not suffering from too strong of a U.S. dollar. A strong dollar tends to reverberate throughout emerging markets, and that has been the environment over the last five years.
Blending Strong Dollar and Weak Dollar Beneficiaries to Diversify Factor Risk
One idea that could balance this currency risk is to combine a strong dollar beneficiary—a country that sees performance tend to increase on the back of a strong U.S. dollar—with emerging markets that are reliant on a weak U.S. dollar.
A blend I have talked about for this approach looks to DXJ, the WisdomTree Japan Hedged Equity Fund, which I believe is one of the exchange-traded funds (ETFs) most tied to a strong dollar and an improving U.S. economy, and DEM, the WisdomTree Emerging Markets High Dividend ETF, which is reliant on the opposite from a currency side—a weak U.S. dollar.
A 50/50 blend of these two funds makes an interesting comparison to the MSCI AC World ex-US Index over the last five years.
Over the past five years, emerging market currencies generally were under great pressure. Emerging markets and DEM underperformed the MSCI AC World ex-US Index considerably—by more than 5 percentage points per year over this period.
That was a time when Japan outperformed considerably. Over the full period, Japan on a currency-hedged basis outperformed the MSCI AC World ex-US Index by more than 10 percentage points per year.
Implementing a blend of these two exposures would have landed investors ahead over five years and also in 2016—a year emerging markets finally began turning around after a dismal five years.
Allocating to a potentially strong dollar exposure—like DXJ, which is also among the lowest valuation countries in the developed world today—therefore has the potential to hedge what I think could be one of biggest risks to emerging market exposures for people who like the valuations presented therein.
The same can be said in reverse: If one is allocated to Japan exposure, perhaps a risk-mitigating strategy is also to allocate toward higher-dividend emerging markets that potentially benefit from a weak dollar and rising commodity prices.
In summary, this 50/50 blend not only has an attractive historical return profile. Looking at bottoms-up valuations of this 50/50 blend in comparison to the international benchmarks below, we believe this valuation profile could continue to look attractive going forward.
Cumulative Return Chart—WisdomTree Blend vs. MSCI ACWI ex—USA Index
For definitions of terms in the chart, visit our glossary.
Unless otherwise noted, data source is Bloomberg, as of November 30, 2016.
Important Risks Related to this ArticleThere are risks associated with investing, including possible loss of principal. Foreign investing involves special risks, such as risk of loss from currency fluctuation or political or economic uncertainty. Funds focusing on a single sector generally experience greater price volatility. Investments in emerging, offshore or frontier markets are generally less liquid and less efficient than investments in developed markets and are subject to additional risks, such as risks of adverse governmental regulation, intervention and political developments.
DXJ focuses its investments in Japan, thereby increasing the impact of events and developments in Japan that can adversely affect performance. Investments in currency involve additional special risks, such as credit risk, interest rate fluctuations, derivative investments which can be volatile and may be less liquid than other securities, and more sensitive to the effect of varied economic conditions. As this Fund can have a high concentration in some issuers, the Fund can be adversely impacted by changes affecting those issuers.
Due to the investment strategy of these Funds they may make higher capital gain distributions than other ETFs. Please read each Fund’s prospectus for specific details regarding each Fund’s risk profile.
Jeremy Schwartz has served as our Global Chief Investment Officer since November 2021 and leads WisdomTree’s investment strategy team in the construction of WisdomTree’s equity Indexes, quantitative active strategies and multi-asset Model Portfolios. Jeremy joined WisdomTree in May 2005 as a Senior Analyst, adding Deputy Director of Research to his responsibilities in February 2007. He served as Director of Research from October 2008 to October 2018 and as Global Head of Research from November 2018 to November 2021. Before joining WisdomTree, he was a head research assistant for Professor Jeremy Siegel and, in 2022, became his co-author on the sixth edition of the book Stocks for the Long Run. Jeremy is also co-author of the Financial Analysts Journal paper “What Happened to the Original Stocks in the S&P 500?” He received his B.S. in economics from The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and hosts the Wharton Business Radio program Behind the Markets on SiriusXM 132. Jeremy is a member of the CFA Society of Philadelphia.