When the Market Goes Down, Do All Your Investments Go with It?

Director, Research

The S&P 500 Index fell close to 6% during the first week of trading in 2016, its worst weekly performance start ever!1 It has many investors wondering: Is this the start of something worse to come, or will the S&P 500 shake it off and continue toward its eighth consecutive year of positive total returns? If the market rallies, you will likely have an array of long-only investments that should benefit, but what if it doesn’t? Is your portfolio positioned to hedge—or even benefit from—a negative market move?   Introducing the WisdomTree Dynamic Bearish U.S. Equity ETF (DYB) WisdomTree’s new exchange-traded fund (ETF), DYB, offers investors the opportunity to take a dynamic bearish position in U.S. equities and the potential to profit from market pullbacks. DYB is designed to be net short or market neutral (equal long and short positions) when the market environment is judged to be poor or mixed, and net long when the environment is deemed more attractive. With DYB, there is no need to try to make judgment calls or time the market yourself. This low-cost2 ETF (expense ratio: 0.48%) follows a passive, rules-based strategy that removes all the guesswork. How? DYB uses a dynamic hedging indicator that considers a combination of growth and value indicators to determine the monthly short percentage. So when the growth fundamentals, or profits, of the eligible Index universe are deteriorating, the dynamic indicator would look to hedge the portfolio. Similarly, as valuations become more stretched, adding risk to the portfolio, the indicator would look to hedge as well.   Based on the growth and value indicators of the market, the dynamic hedging indicator would signal to be positioned in one of the following ways3:
Attractive—100% long and 75% short (i.e., 25% net long)
Mixed—100% long and 100% short (i.e., 0% net long)
Poor—100% long Treasury bills and 100% short (i.e., 100% net short equity)
Below we illustrate the power of being dynamic by comparing a dynamic short strategy against a strategy that remains 100% net short, both layered on top of the S&P 500 Index.   Dynamic Hedging Indicator: How Did It Do? As you can see in the chart below, using the dynamic hedging indicator to apply a dynamic short strategy to the S&P 500 Index resulted in higher returns and less risk over the full period measured. Although the dynamic short didn’t profit as much during the most extreme negative calendar years (2002 and 2008), it was able to outperform during most other years by having the flexibility not to remain 100% net short. We think this is an important difference, because over long periods, the expected return of equities tends to be positive, making it difficult to profit from a long-term net-short position.   Dynamic Indicator   Positioning for the Future There is no way to predict the future of U.S. equity markets, but we think adding strategies that have the potential to hedge—or profit from—negative market moves can be an important element of overall portfolio diversification. Also, whether you’re investing on a tactical or strategic basis, we think it may be prudent to use a strategy that has the flexibility to adjust its short position based on market conditions.         1Source: Howard Silverblatt; refers to first five trading days during a calendar year, dating back to 1929. 2Ordinary brokerage commissions apply. 3Due to the fact that the long component is rebalanced quarterly and the short component is rebalanced monthly, other combinations are possible.

Important Risks Related to this Article

Diversification does not eliminate the risk of experiencing investment losses.


There are risks associated with investing, including possible loss of principal. The Fund will invest in derivatives, including as a substitute to gain short exposure to equity securities. Derivative investments can be volatile, and these investments may be less liquid than other securities, and more sensitive to the effects of varied economic conditions. Derivatives used by the Fund to offset its exposure to market volatility may not perform as intended. The Fund may engage in “short sale” transactions and will lose value if the security or instrument that is the subject of a short sale increases in value. A Fund that has exposure to one or more sectors may be more vulnerable to any single economic or regulatory development. This may result in greater share price volatility. The composition of the Index is heavily dependent on quantitative models and data from one or more third parties, and the Index may not perform as intended. The Fund invests in the securities included in, or representative of, its Index regardless of their investment merit, and the Fund does not attempt to outperform its Index or take defensive positions in declining markets. Please read the Fund’s prospectus for specific details regarding the Fund’s risk profile.

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About the Contributor
Director, Research
Tripp Zimmerman began at WisdomTree as a Research Analyst in February 2013. Now, as Director, Research he leads the Firm’s data analytics group, responsible for index creation, maintenance and reconstitution. Tripp travels domestically and internationally to speak about WisdomTree index capabilities and meets with clients across various sales channels. He is also involved in creating and communicating WisdomTree’s thoughts on the markets. Prior to joining WisdomTree, Tripp worked in various investment-related roles for TD Ameritrade, Wells Fargo Advisors, TIAA-CREF and Evergreen Investments. Tripp graduated from The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill with dual degrees in Economics and Philosophy. Tripp is a holder of the Chartered Financial Analyst designation.