Behind the Markets Podcast: Strategic Insights on Global Competitiveness


Key Takeaways

  • Jeremy Schwartz spoke with Ylli Bajraktari, CEO of the Special Competitive Studies Project, on the latest Behind the Markets podcast. 
  • Ylli emphasized the need for a unified approach to handle the technological race against China and other adversaries.
  • He also explained that the U.S. must focus on key technology areas such as artificial intelligence (AI), biotechnology, advanced networks, quantum computing, energy technologies and advanced manufacturing to maintain its competitive advantage.

On a recent episode of Behind the Markets, Ylli Bajraktari, CEO of the Special Competitive Studies Project (SCSP), shared valuable insights into how the U.S. can maintain its competitive edge in the face of rising global technological rivalry, particularly with China.

Vision for America’s Technological Leadership

Ylli discussed the importance of the U.S. establishing a clear vision for its role in global technological competition and a recent strategy document outlining a vision for competitiveness.

Drawing parallels with historical documents like NSC-68, which outlined America's Cold War strategy, he emphasized the need for a unified approach to handling the technological race against China and other adversaries. He highlighted the critical period between 2025 and 2030, which he believes will be decisive for the century’s technological dominance. This NSC-68 document is worth reading. I asked Perplexity.ai1 to summarize it, which provides a good starting point for an understanding of how pivotal of a document this was.

Government’s Role in Fostering Innovation

SCSP emphasizes the critical role the government plays in technology development, advocating for increased public investment in research and development. Ylli stressed the government should create conducive conditions for private sector innovation by reducing risks for startups and fostering a regulatory environment that enhances technological advancements.

Technologies at the Frontiers of Competition

Ylli pointed out the pivotal roles of AI and biotechnology as frontiers where the U.S. could either maintain its lead or fall behind. And key developments in AI will foster further advancements in biotechnology.

Beyond these, he identified four additional critical technology areas essential for maintaining competitive advantage:

1. Advanced Networks: Emphasizing the importance of developing next-generation connectivity like 5G and 6G, which are fundamental for technologies such as autonomous vehicles and IoT devices.

2. Quantum Computing: Highlighting the strategic importance of advancing quantum computing capabilities, which could revolutionize data processing and security.

3. Energy Technologies: Stressing the need for innovative energy solutions to support high-energy consuming technologies like AI and data centers, promoting sustainable and efficient energy use.

4. Advanced Manufacturing: Focusing on the evolution of manufacturing processes through technological integration, which can lead to more efficient and flexible production capabilities.

Public-Private Collaboration

Reflecting on the effective collaboration models from the past, Ylli argued for a robust partnership between the public and private sectors. He cited historical examples where such cooperation led to significant technological advancements during the Cold War and stressed the need for similar efforts to tackle current challenges.

Implications for National Security

The discussion also covered the national security implications of technological leadership. Ylli described how technologies like AI are becoming central to military strategy and capabilities, suggesting that the U.S. needs to invest in next-generation technologies to maintain its defense superiority.

Call to Action for Future Competitiveness

Ylli concluded with a call to action for policy makers, business leaders and the academic community to prioritize and invest in critical technologies. He emphasized that preparing for the next decade is crucial for ensuring the U.S. remains at the forefront of global innovation and security.


Listen to the full conversation here or below.



1 Perplexity is a new, generative AI search engine designed to summarize large amounts of information at scale to help people in finding answers to their questions through the use of the broader internet.

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About the Contributor

Global Chief Investment Officer
Follow Jeremy Schwartz @JeremyDSchwartz

Jeremy Schwartz has served as our Global Chief Investment Officer since November 2021 and leads WisdomTree’s investment strategy team in the construction of WisdomTree’s equity Indexes, quantitative active strategies and multi-asset Model Portfolios. Jeremy joined WisdomTree in May 2005 as a Senior Analyst, adding Deputy Director of Research to his responsibilities in February 2007. He served as Director of Research from October 2008 to October 2018 and as Global Head of Research from November 2018 to November 2021. Before joining WisdomTree, he was a head research assistant for Professor Jeremy Siegel and, in 2022, became his co-author on the sixth edition of the book Stocks for the Long Run. Jeremy is also co-author of the Financial Analysts Journal paper “What Happened to the Original Stocks in the S&P 500?” He received his B.S. in economics from The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and hosts the Wharton Business Radio program Behind the Markets on SiriusXM 132. Jeremy is a member of the CFA Society of Philadelphia.