What’s Working in 2017? Surprisingly, China
If January was any indication, we are all going to be in for a year of news flow and media frenzy like few we have ever seen. Nearly every day, we are hearing different announcements coming from policy makers, all of which have potential importance for markets.
2016 Ended Strongly
As 2016 ended, people had seen a few big-picture events impacting asset-class performance and investor portfolios in a significant manner:
- Small-Cap Stocks Ripped: U.S. small caps1 went on a major tear after the surprise election victory of Donald Trump. Investors readjusted their expectations for higher potential growth and higher potential inflation. The cyclical nature of small caps can be a major beneficiary, not to mention the fact that small-cap companies tend to do the majority of their business inside the U.S. This typically results in 1) insulation from a stronger dollar and 2) greater potential impact from any corporate tax cut.
- The 10-Year Treasury Note Yield Spiked: This was another impact of changing expectations of future economic growth and inflation. Since many yields tend to trade at a spread to this level and rising yields mean falling prices in the world of bonds, bond portfolios were notably running into the wind at the end of 2016.
- U.S. Dollar Strengthened: Dollar strength was the clear trend against almost all other world currencies throughout the period from 2013 to 2015, but the first 11 months of 2016 saw a distinct change in trend. Post-U.S. presidential election, the U.S. dollar began to strengthen again, most notably against the yen, which had strengthened all the way to 100 over the summer but ended 2016 at 117.2
Would any of these trends continue, or did they simply represent reflation “blips” that would quickly reverse once the world transitioned from a President-elect Trump to a Trump presidential administration? While the exact answer is something we’ll only know in hindsight, we believe this is a question on nearly every investor’s mind as we start 2017 and look at the new presidential administration.
Surprising leaders in the current environment are emerging markets, the Middle East and China in particular.
Despite all the trade rhetoric and fears Trump is going to instigate a trade war with China, it is interesting that China is the top standout in early 2017, particularly companies led by the Chinese consumer. If this trend continues and China’s growth can stay positive, that would be very supportive for global asset prices and market sentiment.
WisdomTree’s Five Top Performing Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) for January 2017
WisdomTree had 94 U.S.-listed ETFs as of January 31, 2017, and these covered almost all the major markets around the world. Knowing the top performers (we showcase the top five below) over any period says a lot about which global markets are doing particularly well at that time.
Average Annual Total Returns as of December 31, 2016
WisdomTree’s Top Five ETFs by NAV Cumulative Return (& Market Benchmarks to Provide Context)
For definitions of indexes in the chart, visit our glossary.
•CXSE Was the Top Performer: Over this period, Consumer Discretionary and Information Technology stocks in CXSE did particularly well. The Index that CXSE tracks before fees, the WisdomTree China ex-State-Owned Enterprises Index, emphasizes Consumer Discretionary and Information Technology and tilts away from Financials, Energy, Materials and Telecommunication Services. Some standout performers at the individual firm level in CXSE’s top 10 holdings over this period: Baidu (+6.41%), JD.com (+11.32%), Tencent Holdings (+8.00%), Alibaba (+17.01%), Delphi Automotive (+6.70%), CTrip.com International (+8.45%) and NetEase (+17.00%).3
•GULF: Approximately 50% of this Fund is in the Financials sector, which did well over this period. These markets have typically been influenced by the price of oil. Compared to the beginning of 2016, oil prices have been relatively stable, thereby lending support to equities in this region.
•XSOE: This Fund tracks the performance of the WisdomTree Emerging Markets ex-State-Owned Enterprises Index, an approach that removes exposure to firms with greater than 20% ownership by sovereign entities. A major result—similar to what we mentioned with CXSE—is a tilt toward Consumer Discretionary and Information Technology. Now, it’s worth mentioning that all 11 sectors in emerging markets—whether in XSOE or the MSCI Emerging Markets Index—were positive over this period.4
•AXJL: In this Fund, there were double-digit exposures to Australia, Taiwan, Hong Kong, China and South Korea over the period from December 31, 2016, to January 26, 2017. Of these, Hong Kong and South Korea were the strongest—generating approximately 7% returns. All of these markets were positive over this period.5
•EMSD: This unique approach to emerging market equities did not have exposure to the Energy, Materials, Financials, Telecommunication Services or Utilities sectors, instead placing heavy emphasis on Information Technology and Consumer Discretionary—similar to XSOE. Taiwan and South Korea were also the two largest market exposures—both of which also did quite well.
In short, we have been surprised thus far in 2017 by these results, which compare to an S&P 500 Index below 3% over this period and a Russell 2000 Index below 1.5% over this period. China was the standout, and we look forward to seeing if this trend can sustain further into 2017.
1Refers to the Russell 2000 Index from 11/8/16 to 12/31/16.
3Sources: WisdomTree, Bloomberg, with holdings depicted performing above 5.00% from 12/31/16 to 1/26/17 and being within the top 10 holdings for CXSE. Average weights over this period for mentioned securities: Baidu, 6.92%; JD.com, 6.53%; Tencent Holdings, 6.50%; Alibaba, 6.49%; Delphi Automotive, 5.27%; CTrip.com International, 4.15%; and NetEase, 2.91%. Holdings subject to change.
Important Risks Related to this Article
There are risks associated with investing, including possible loss of principal. Foreign investing involves special risks, such as risk of loss from currency fluctuation or political or economic uncertainty.
The Funds focus their investments in Middle East, Asia Pacific and emerging markets thereby increasing the impact of events and developments associated with the regions, which can adversely affect performance. Investments in emerging or offshore markets are generally less liquid and less efficient than investments in developed markets and are subject to additional risks, such as risks of adverse governmental regulation and intervention or political developments. The Funds exposure to certain sectors may increases its vulnerability to any single economic or regulatory development related to such sector.
Investments in currency involve additional special risks, such as credit risk and interest rate fluctuations.
As these Funds can have a high concentration in some issuers, the Funds can be adversely impacted by changes affecting those issuers.
Due to the investment strategy of some of these Funds they may make higher capital gain distributions than other ETFs.
Some of the Funds invest in the securities included in, or representative of, their Index regardless of their investment merit and the Funds do not attempt to outperform their Index or take defensive positions in declining markets.
Please read each Fund’s prospectus for specific details regarding each Fund’s risk profile.
Christopher Gannatti began at WisdomTree as a Research Analyst in December 2010, working directly with Jeremy Schwartz, CFA®, Director of Research. In January of 2014, he was promoted to Associate Director of Research where he was responsible to lead different groups of analysts and strategists within the broader Research team at WisdomTree. In February of 2018, Christopher was promoted to Head of Research, Europe, where he was based out of WisdomTree’s London office and was responsible for the full WisdomTree research effort within the European market, as well as supporting the UCITs platform globally. In November 2021, Christopher was promoted to Global Head of Research, now responsible for numerous communications on investment strategy globally, particularly in the thematic equity space. Christopher came to WisdomTree from Lord Abbett, where he worked for four and a half years as a Regional Consultant. He received his MBA in Quantitative Finance, Accounting, and Economics from NYU’s Stern School of Business in 2010, and he received his bachelor’s degree from Colgate University in Economics in 2006. Christopher is a holder of the Chartered Financial Analyst Designation.