Buffett’s Checklist Applied to Small Caps
Recently, I highlighted a passage from Warren Buffett’s annual shareholder letter that reveals how Buffett thinks about attractive investment options. His list detailed six requirements for potential acquisitions, but we focused on one in particular:
Businesses earning good returns on equity (ROE) while employing little or no debt.1
Buffett Primarily Limited to Large Caps
One of the downsides of Buffett’s success is that his potential acquisition list is mostly limited to lage-cap equities because of the size of Berkshire Hathaway. Buffett has previously addressed this:
We do need to deploy cash, but we can’t put many billions to work every year in spectacular businesses. To move the needle at Berkshire, they have to be big transactions.2
He also said:
If I was running $1 million today, or $10 million for that matter, I’d be fully invested. Anyone who says that size does not hurt investment performance is selling. The highest rates of return I’ve ever achieved were in the 1950s. I killed the Dow. You ought to see the numbers. But I was investing peanuts then. It’s a huge structural advantage not to have a lot of money. I think I could make you 50% a year on $1 million. No, I know I could. I guarantee that.3
Getting Diversified Small Cap Exposure That Passes Buffett’s ROE Rule
Warren Buffett is always going to be a master stock picker, but for the rest of us, getting diversified exposure to stocks that have “Buffett” characteristics via an index-based strategy can be a compelling strategy.
Investors, of course, can, by their own behavior, make stock ownership highly risky. And many do. Active trading, attempts to “time” market movements, inadequate diversification, the payment of high and unnecessary fees to managers and advisors, and the use of borrowed money can destroy the decent returns that a life-long owner of equities would otherwise enjoy. …
The commission of the investment sins listed above is not limited to “the little guy.” Huge institutional investors, viewed as a group, have long underperformed the unsophisticated index-fund investor who simply sits tight for decades.4
If we combine Buffett’s principle of focusing on stocks with high returns on equity and little to no debt with his belief in the “unsophisticated index” approach to investing and apply it to small-cap stocks, I think of the WisdomTree U.S. SmallCap Dividend Growth Fund (DGRS), whose underlying investment strategy selects companies based on their high ROE and high return on assets (ROA) characteristics.
The Dividend Growth Formula: WisdomTree’s Buffett Factor Approach
WisdomTree offers a series of Funds—our “Dividend Growth” family—that employs ROE and ROA as a driving force for stock selection. The reason we included ROA in powering stock selection is that it penalizes the use of debt (leverage) in delivering ROE; therefore, the companies that qualify for our Dividend Growth Funds tend to also employ little debt.
Top 20 Holdings of DGRS
At WisdomTree, we believe that focusing on quality factors, such as high profitability and low leverage, through rules-based processes can be a compelling investment strategy over the long term. We also believe that these are common traits among firms that consistently grow their dividends and have a high potential to increase their dividends in the future. These high-quality, dividend-growing small caps are also selling at attractive valuations compared to broad based small caps, which we think creates a timely opportunity.
1The annual shareholder letter for Berkshire Hathaway, Inc., available here.
2Scott Patterson and Douglas A. Blackmon, “Buffett Bets Big on Railroad,” The Wall Street Journal, 11/4/09.
3Anthony Bianco, “Homespun Wisdom from the ‘Oracle of Omaha,’” Businessweek, 7/5/99.
4The annual shareholder letter for Berkshire Hathaway, Inc., available here.
Important Risks Related to this Article
Diversification does not eliminate the risk of experiencing investment losses. There are risks associated with investing, including possible loss of principal. Funds focusing their investments on certain sectors and/or smaller companies increase their vulnerability to any single economic or regulatory development. This may result in greater share price volatility. Dividends are not guaranteed and a company currently paying dividends may cease paying dividends at any time. Please read the Fund’s prospectus for specific details regarding the Fund’s risk profile.