The New and Potentially Better Way to Invest in Emerging Markets
We just finished one of the most volatile months in the market on record, and the movement from mutual funds to ETFs is something to behold.
Mutual funds had $356 billion in outflows year-to-date through March 27, and all the outflows came in March. ETFs, by comparison, experienced approximately $55 billion of positive flow in the U.S. during the same period.
While outflows spanned asset classes and sectors, the chart below illustrates how emerging markets flows indicated all-time record panic levels—and that these past panic points were good buying opportunities.
Global Emerging Markets Flows Hit an All-Time Record in Panic Selling
For definitions of indexes in the chart, please visit our glossary.
But it’s not just the ETF wrapper attracting investors.
The SPIVA Scorecard, produced by Standard & Poor’s, shows how active mutual fund managers perform versus passive index funds. The 2019 scorecard was just released, and there are interesting long-term findings to consider in the emerging markets space.
Less than 10% of active emerging markets (EM) equity managers outperformed their cap-weighted benchmarks during the 15-year period ended 2019. That period captures a full market cycle and includes the global financial crisis.
Did years of volatility like 2008 and 2009 give active EM managers more opportunity to navigate crisis points and add value?
Less than 35% of EM funds outperformed their cap-weighted benchmark in 2008, and less than 30% of EM funds outperformed their cap-weighted benchmark during the rebound in 2009. Those are extremely low numbers—especially since the median expense ratio for active managers in the emerging markets category is 1.25%.3
WisdomTree’s Modern Alpha® Approach
ETFs are no longer just used to track traditional benchmarks. WisdomTree’s unique Modern Alpha approach incorporates a disciplined investment strategy to seek to add value versus traditional beta-oriented instruments.
We believe that by marrying our value-added approach to index construction with the benefits of the ETF structure, we have the potential to deliver a better investing experience.
In emerging markets, the WisdomTree Emerging Markets ex-State-Owned Enterprises Fund (XSOE) has been a standout.
One of the most important risks in emerging markets is the involvement of the government in company direction through a significant ownership stake. Companies do not always act in the best interest of their shareholders when the government is involved. Think about it: Would you rather own UPS (a for-profit public company) or the United States Postal Service (a government-run entity) ? UPS as a public company is focused on maximizing shareholder value; the United States Postal Service is teetering on the edge of insolvency, according to Postmaster General Megan Brennan . We believe the same applies in emerging markets.4
Removing state-owned enterprises from our universe has resulted in:
- Potential for outperformance: XSOE has provided attractive relative returns over the five years since inception
- During the recent drawdown, XSOE outperforming the MSCI Emerging Markets Index by 226 basis points in Q1 2020
Given the underperformance of active managers in the emerging markets space, it helps to ask: Why pay more for active management that hasn’t been outperforming?
1Holdings are displayed daily on the website.
2Ordinary brokerage commissions apply.
3Source: Morningstar average expense ratio data, as of 12/31/19.
4Charles Lane, “A disaster brewed for years in the Postal Service,” The Washington Post, 4/13/20.
Important Risks Related to this Article
There are risks associated with investing, including possible loss of principal. Foreign investing involves special risks, such as risk of loss from currency fluctuation or political or economic uncertainty. Investments in emerging or offshore markets are generally less liquid and less efficient than investments in developed markets and are subject to additional risks, such as risks of adverse governmental regulation and intervention or political developments. Funds focusing their investments on certain sectors and/or regions increase their vulnerability to any single economic or regulatory development. This may result in greater share price volatility. Investments in currency involve additional special risks, such as credit risk and interest rate fluctuations. The Fund invests in the securities included in, or representative of, its Index regardless of their investment merit and the Fund does not attempt to outperform its Index or take defensive positions in declining markets. Please read the Fund’s prospectus for specific details regarding the Fund’s risk profile.
Prior to joining WisdomTree, Alisa was Vice President and Regional Sales Manager at Van Kampen Investments. Her responsibilities included strategic planning, organization and oversight for the division and management of 20 sales consultants. She began her career at Morgan Stanley Investment Management.
Ms. Maute is a Certified Investment Management Analyst and Chartered Alternative Investment Analyst. She holds a Masters of Business Administration from DePaul University, where she graduated with honors, and a Bachelor’s of Business Administration from The University of Iowa. She is the co-head of marketing for the Chicago chapter of Women in ETFs, and a member of the Investment Management Consultants Association and the Chartered Alternative Investment Analyst Association.