India’s Unconventional Rate Cut and What It Means for Investors
India was in the news recently for completing its mammoth democratic federal elections and a financial budget that was presented in July. Now its central bank (RBI) is in the spotlight for doing an unconventional and aggressive rate cut of 35 basis points (bps).
Let’s look at the RBI’s latest monetary policy direction and what it means for domestic growth and global emerging market (EM) investors.
Rates Now at a Nine-Year Low
The whole world is surrounded by trade frictions and geopolitical uncertainty. India is not immune to these effects and its latest gross domestic product (GDP) reading at 5.8% year over year (YoY) was substantially below what it believes it can achieve. While the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is confident in a 7%+ growth rate for India in the long run, the RBI stepped in to support short-term growth.
A few details:
- This is the fourth consecutive cut in the current easing cycle that started in February 2019
- It’s an unconventional quantum of change at 35 bps
- The lending rate is set to the lowest level in nine years
A few factors are driving these rate cuts:
- Moderate inflation at 3.18%
- Combating a near-term slowdown: Recent trade battles have caused economic uncertainty
- Better mid-monsoon rains leading to increased summer crop production combined with the government’s tight curb on food hoarders helped restrain food prices
What Does It Mean for Domestic Growth?
An RBI rate cut sends a strong signal to banks to cut lending rates. Moments after the RBI’s announcement, the State Bank of India (SBI)—India’s largest bank and lender—also announced an across-the-board cut of 15 bps to its lending rates.
October and November mark a festive season in India, the celebration of Diwali. Diwali is often celebrated with the worship of the goddess of wealth, where most households in India buy consumer goods ranging from electronic gadgets to the latest automobiles. It tends to push industrial production up. As rate cuts by the RBI are passed on by banks to end customers as lower interest rates on personal, auto and home loans, this action is good news for sectors like Consumer Discretionary, Industrials, Manufacturing and Automobiles, and even Financials can benefit from increased economic activity.
The RBI has the right leadership and ample ammunition to give much-needed fire power to propel India’s growth engine forward.
What Does the RBI’s Rate Cut Mean for Investors?
SENSEX Historically Delivered Double-Digit Returns to Consecutive Rate Cuts With a Lag
12/31/07 – 7/31/19
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