DXGE: European Equities’ Double Hedge
Italian governments have the shelf life of a loaf of bread. We count 24 new prime ministers sworn in in the last four decades, with the latest, Giuseppe Conte, coming to office in June. His mandate is to implement the desires of a bizarre coalition government comprising a leftist protest party and a nationalistic party of the right.
In our view, European equity investors face two primary risks this year: exposure to Italian stocks themselves and the potential for the euro to be upset by political surprises. Our WisdomTree Germany Hedged Equity Fund (DXGE) may be an answer to these problems because it owns only German equities and hedges euro exposure. It allows investors to shift their European allocations in the direction of one of the continent’s more stable “core” countries, while minimizing exposure to “peripheral” allocations and mitigating the volatility of the euro versus the dollar.
As we pointed out in “Italian Economics: Watch Salvini,” Italian political risk has become a primary regional headwind. The coalition government between the leftist Five Star Movement and the culturally right-wing League combined for 50% of the vote in March. The continued rise of the League’s Matteo Salvini this spring and summer means it is possible that combined public support for the two is even higher now, perhaps with each party having somewhere around 30% of the populace in its embrace.
Although the coalition is warm to a flattening of taxes and an end to corruption, the good economic news basically ends there, and that troubles the euro. The rest of the government’s planks generally call for a reversal of much-needed crisis-era spending reforms. Italy continues to coast along with government debt equal to 130% of gross domestic product (GDP), which the markets tolerate so long as the European Central Bank (ECB) buys bonds and good times are rolling. But the feedback loop can sour when the slowdown arrives and the ECB halts its bond-buying program. That makes overturning the Fornero law, which extended pension ages, more disconcerting if the fiscal math deteriorates.
On top of this, leftist elements in both parties are agitating for universal basic income experimentation, which could be challenging for a nation that runs a budget deficit equal to 2.3% of GDP during an economic expansion. We must question the patience of northern European taxpayers, particularly the Germans, who are bound by their quasi-fiscal union with nations to the south. And with Berlin’s power structure also now in question for the first time in an eternity, this is the key factor for regional equity market fortunes.
Not all is well in Germany’s center-right. The conservative coalition between Angela Merkel’s Christian Democrats (CDU) and its Bavarian sister party, the Christian Social Union (CSU)—which has held strong since the end of the war—started to fray three years ago, when Germany controversially accepted a million migrants inside of one year. The crisis came to a head this spring when the CSU pondered the prospect of losing votes in Bavaria’s upcoming October elections to the right-wing anti-immigration Alternativ für Deutschland (AfD). Amid that fear, Horst Seehofer, the CSU’s interior minister, shifted rightward to fend off AfD’s rise. His proposal to stop asylum seekers from entering Germany caused ructions with German Chancellor Merkel, who wanted to maintain the status quo. To save her government, Merkel recently agreed to build border camps for asylum seekers.
The Counterintuitive German Equity Bull Case
With Germany in flux, maybe it’s time to over-weight German equities. Why?
Consider the 2008 global financial crisis. Even though the source of the malaise was a U.S. housing collapse, American stocks generally outperformed those of other countries that year. Safe havens are safe havens.
If Germany does continue to lurch toward the cultural right, it is hard to see how that could materially hinder Corporate Germany’s fortunes. Corporate Italy though? That’s another story.
More seats in the Bundestag for the AfD or simply a shift by either the CDU or the CSU—or both—toward a more hardline stance on continental fiscal union could point the poison arrow at, say, Italian banks. That would reinvigorate the “core versus peripheral Europe” debate, bringing Spain, Portugal and Greece back under the microscope, as was the case a half decade ago.
“Europe” Can Mean Many Things
Figure 1 shows the country composition of the MSCI EMU (European Monetary Union) Index, along with the WisdomTree Germany Hedged Equity Index and six of our other Europe-based Indexes. Exposure to Italy, Spain and Portugal ranges from none in WisdomTree’s German equity Index (obviously) to nearly 40% in our European small-cap tracker. Investors worried about Italy could use some combination of DXGE and the WisdomTree Europe Hedged Equity Fund (HEDJ), tracking the first two WisdomTree Indexes in the list, respectively. For investors who also want to cut down Spain and Portugal, another mix could include DXGE for Germany and the WisdomTree Europe Quality Dividend Growth Fund (EUDG), which tracks the WisdomTree Europe Quality Dividend Growth Index.
Figure 1: Index Country Weights
MSCI Germany trades at 13.4x earnings estimates for this year, a couple of points more than the 11.4 forward multiple for MSCI Italy. That valuation premium reflects not only the relative safety and security of Germany as a domicile but also headier earnings growth expectations in northern Europe. To wit, the Street is forecasting total cumulative Italian earnings-per-share growth of about 20% from 2017 to 2020, while the German growth estimate is 30.1%.1 That puts the two at 2020 P/Es of 9.6x and 11.1x, respectively. Saving a point or two on a P/E ratio does not seem like much compensation for clear and present political risk.
With winds constantly shifting across Europe, DXGE may be a way to approach regional equities with more caution than an off-the-shelf market capitalization-weighted, currency-unhedged venture. Investors can use DXGE to mitigate the size of their southern European exposures while “taking the euro out of Europe,” a key WisdomTree tagline.
1Source: Bloomberg, as of 7/3/08 for EPS growth and price-to-earnings ratios.
Important Risks Related to this Article
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Jeff Weniger, CFA serves as Director, Asset Allocation at WisdomTree. Jeff has a background in fundamental, economic and behavioral analysis for strategic and tactical asset allocation. Prior to joining WisdomTree, he was Director, Senior Strategist with BMO from 2006 to 2017, serving on the Asset Allocation Committee and co-managing the firm’s ETF model portfolios. Jeff has a B.S. in Finance from the University of Florida and an MBA from Notre Dame. He is a CFA charter holder and an active member of the CFA Society of Chicago and the CFA Institute since 2006. He has appeared in various financial publications such as Barron’s and the Wall Street Journal and makes regular appearances on Canada’s Business News Network (BNN) and Wharton Business Radio.