In a previous blog post on the WisdomTree domestic dividend
family, I noted how all five WisdomTree exchange-traded funds (ETFs) outperformed 95% of their peers over the past five years
and how all five ranked in their top quartile over the last 10 years. Some may wonder whether that impressive performance was just a U.S. phenomenon or whether there is a global application to dividend-weighting equity markets.
WisdomTree believes dividend weighting makes sense all around the world. We conducted extensive research before launching our first dividend-weighted ETFs more than a decade ago and had reason to believe dividend weighting could potentially generate higher returns, not just in the U.S. but in developed and emerging markets as well. Now, when we look back a decade later, we see that 11 of WisdomTree’s 12 dividend-weighted indexes with continuous 10-year track records beat their comparable cap-weighted
indexes over the past decade in the U.S. and in the developed world. And after fees and expenses, eight of WisdomTree’s 12 dividend-weighted ETFs tracking these indexes also did so.
Over the last 10 years, developed world stocks have meaningfully underperformed the U.S. equity market. The MSCI EAFE Index
, a broad barometer of international stock performance, returned just 1.6% on an annualized basis over the last decade. That underperformance reflects the impact of the financial crisis in 2008–2009, the sovereign debt
crisis in Europe in 2010–2012, and the rally in the U.S. dollar since the summer of 2011. As growth rates have come down in the developed world, and bond rates have plummeted to zero or less than zero, many investors are now re-examining and recalibrating their international equity exposure, looking for ideas on how to improve returns for the decade ahead.
For some investors, such changes will take the form of hedging more international currency risk
going forward. For others who intend to keep a portion or all of their exposures unhedged, a key to future performance may rest in capturing some of the advantages that have accrued to international investors who have tilted to the smaller-size segments
of the market, or toward the higher dividend-yielding portion of the large-cap opportunity set. Here, WisdomTree’s international ETFs are especially useful.
When we examine the results of the seven WisdomTree dividend-weighted international ETFs, we can cull some interesting takeaways.
Average Annual Returns, WisdomTree International Dividend-Weighted Indexes and ETFs, 2006–2016
For definitions of terms in the chart, visit our glossary.
First, in every instance, WisdomTree’s international dividend-weighted Indexes beat their comparable cap-weighted peers over the past decade. WisdomTree’s broadest Index, the WisdomTree International Equity Index
, outperformed the MSCI EAFE Index by 76 basis point (bps)
on an annualized basis over the last decade. Both the WisdomTree International Equity Index and the WisdomTree International High Dividend Index
beat their cap-weighted benchmark in each and every period displayed. After fees, expenses and transactions costs, five of WisdomTree’s seven developed-world ETFs generated higher returns over the past 10 years than did their comparable cap-weighted benchmark. Similar to what we saw in the U.S., the highest absolute performance for the 10-year period came in the smaller-size segment of the market. The WisdomTree Europe SmallCap Dividend Fund (DFE)
averaged 4.4% on an annualized basis over the decade, while the WisdomTree International SmallCap Dividend Fund (DLS)
averaged 4.3%. And over the past 10 years, the WisdomTree International Equity Fund (DWM)
, DLS and DFE all outperformed more than 90% of their peer groups.
The other interesting takeaway from examining these seven Funds is how important the dividend portion was to the total returns of the Funds. In the large-cap portion of the developed world, where price returns were negative, dividends paid were responsible for all of the gains over the period.
Deconstruction of Total Return, WisdomTree International Dividend-Weighted ETFs vs. Cap-Weighted Indexes, June 16, 2006 – June 30, 2016
At a time when many investors are flocking to dividend-paying stocks for a variety of reasons—because they want yield
, or because they want lower-correlating
stocks or stocks that have exhibited strong recent price momentum—it is worth noting that there is another way to use dividend-paying stocks in one’s portfolio. As we have shown, over longer-term holding periods, owning the dividend-paying portion of the market can return more dividend income to investors and
generate higher total returns than comparable cap-weighted indexes. With WisdomTree, because we typically select companies based on their market cap and then weight by the dividends they pay, investors can use dividend-weighted ETFs in the core of their portfolios to gain broad access to asset classes around the world as part of globally diversified portfolios.