Dividends Have Been Great Internationally—Don’t Lose on the Currency!

Executive Vice President, Global Head of Research

In the current low-interest-rate environment, focusing on dividends has been popular. Many indexes focused on developed international equities showcase higher dividend yields than those within the United States—not surprising, in that international companies tend toward higher dividend payout ratios than U.S. companies.1 However, some of the most widely followed indexes of international dividend payers do not hedge their exposure to currency fluctuations against the U.S. dollar. We’ve seen this have a SIGNIFICANT impact on recent performance. The potential certainly exists for currency movements to wipe out any benefit of a dividend-focused approach in developed international equities.   The Difference Hedging the Currency Exposure Can Make (12/1/13–8/3/15) Difference of Currency Hedging For definitions of indexes in the chart visit our glossary.   • Yield-Focused Dividend Indexes: The S&P International Dividend Opportunities Index —which focuses on higher-yielding international equities—was nearly 50% exposed to the Australian dollar and the euro. The Dow Jones EPAC Select Dividend Index was more than 60% exposed to this same combination of currencies. No matter the merits of the stock selection approaches employed, if these currencies are depreciating against the U.S. dollar, it could contribute to a difficult environment for these Indexes.   • Growth-Focused Dividend Index: The WisdomTree International Hedged Dividend Growth Index takes a different approach, not focusing on the highest-yielding dividend payers, but more importantly seeking to neutralize the currency exposure. This way the experience of index returns is dictated by the dividend focus and quality selection, as opposed to being further impacted by any movements in currency.2   Currency Was the Key Driver: More than Stock Selection While WisdomTree believes its dividend growth methodology provides an important long-run strategy that can complement the benefits of a value- or yield-focused selection methodology, over this period,3 currency was the dominant factor impacting returns. Moreover, some markets, countries and regions have higher dividend yields than others. Strategies that focus on higher-dividend-yielding securities will habitually tend toward certain areas of global equities and away from others. Based on what we have seen, some of the larger exposures4 (based on currency) were as follows:5   • Australian Dollar: The Australian dollar depreciated 9.72% against the U.S. dollar in 2015, through August 3. This is a “commodity currency,” which means that the direction of commodity price movements tends to relate to the strength (or weakness) of the Australian dollar. Through August 3, the S&P GSCI Index was down more than 16% for the year.   • Euro: One of the key forces impacting currency markets today regards central bank policy divergence. In the U.S., the Federal Reserve is contemplating raising short-term interest rates. In the euro area, a policy of quantitative easing is in full force. Over time, this can have the potential to encourage a weaker euro against the U.S. dollar—and the euro has depreciated about 10% over this period.   • British Pound: The United Kingdom tends to feature a number of high-yielding dividend payers. In 2015, the British pound hasn’t depreciated much, so exposure here on the currency side hasn’t been problematic of late.   • Canadian Dollar: The Canadian dollar depreciated 11.86% against the U.S. dollar in 2015 over this period. Like the Australian dollar, this is also considered a commodity currency. Within Canada, oil is particularly important. On August 3, 2014, the price of oil was above $100 a barrel. One year later it was approximately $50. When that happens, it can be difficult to argue for a stronger Canadian dollar.   Minimize the Risk of Regret (& Blend the Focus on Dividends) Many investors don’t like the idea of taking a “bet” one way or the other on currency. For people who are already invested internationally—while making a full bet on the currencies that are inherent to international unhedged investments—we think the concept of 50% exposure to a hedged strategy and 50% exposure to an unhedged strategy is an interesting starting point. Here, a 50-50 starting point that combines the WisdomTree International Hedged Dividend Growth Index with either the S&P International Dividend Opportunities or the Dow Jones EPAC Select Dividend Indexes provides further complementarity as they focus on different types of dividend payers: one on the growth segment and one on the yield segment. But for investors who have no exposure today and are looking to add international exposure, a natural starting point could be the WisdomTree International Hedged Dividend Growth Index—which focuses on the stocks in international markets while hedging the currency exposure to target just the local market returns.         1Source: Bloomberg, as of 8/3/15. Refers to the MSCI EAFE Index universe for developed international equities and the S&P 500 Index universe for U.S. equities. 2Source for bullet points: Bloomberg, with data measured as of 8/3/15. 3Refers to the period 12/1/13 to 8/3/15, or the live performance history of the WisdomTree International Hedged Dividend Growth Index. 4The Australian dollar, euro, British pound and Canadian dollar were the four largest currency exposures within both the S&P International Dividend Opportunities Index and the Dow Jones EPAC Select Dividend Index as of 8/3/15, with source Bloomberg. 5Source for bullet points: Bloomberg, for period 12/31/14–8/3/15, unless otherwise specified.

Important Risks Related to this Article

Dividends are not guaranteed, and a company’s future ability to pay dividends may be limited. A company currently paying dividends may cease paying dividends at any time.

Investments in currency involve additional special risks, such as credit risk and interest rate fluctuations. 


About the Contributor
Executive Vice President, Global Head of Research
Jeremy Schwartz has served as our Executive Vice President, Global Head of Research since November 2018 and leads WisdomTree’s investment strategy team in the construction of WisdomTree’s equity indexes, quantitative active strategies and multi-asset model portfolios. Mr. Schwartz joined WisdomTree in May 2005 as a Senior Analyst, adding to his responsibilities in February 2007 as Deputy Director of Research and thereafter, from October 2008 to October 2018, as Director of Research. Prior to joining WisdomTree, he was head research assistant for Professor Jeremy Siegel and helped with the research and writing of Stocks for the Long Run and The Future for Investors. Mr. Schwartz also is co-author of the Financial Analysts Journal paper, What Happened to the Original Stocks in the S&P 500? He received his B.S. in Economics from The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and hosts the Wharton Business Radio program Behind the Markets on SiriusXM 132. Mr. Schwartz is also a member of the CFA Society of Philadelphia.