In today’s environment, investors are in an almost constant search of income-producing asset classes. One particular area of focus has been dividend-paying equities—made attractive not only because of the current
income but also because of the potential for future growth
of that income. We believe the recent trends for dividend growth discussed below have become an unmistakably positive signal for the market’s underlying fundamental value.
Putting Recent Growth in Historical Perspective
We examined the history of dividend growth
of the S&P 500 index
, as it is one of the most commonly used benchmarks available to measure the performance of U.S. equity markets and has dividend data extending back to its inception in 1957.
There are two notable points when we compare the latest readings to historical data:
1) Record Three-Year Growth:
The recent three-year average annual dividend growth—13.59% for the period ending March 30, 2013—is a record in the history of the S&P 500. To be fair, this follows a record fall in dividends that occurred a few years earlier and in some ways represents a normalization of dividend levels.
2) 10-Year Growth Impresses:
Despite the record fall in dividends during the last 10 years, the 10-year average annual dividend growth of 7.07% is still approximately 2 percentage points above the median 10-year growth rate. This gives us confidence about future dividend growth.
Rolling 3-Year and 10-Year Growth of Trailing 12-Month Dividend for S&P 500 Index (12/31/1960-3/31/2013)
Changing Composition of Dividend Stream® Has Driven This Result
There have been two major trends driving the bulk of growth in the Dividend Stream
in the United States in recent periods:
Many financial firms were forced to cut or eliminate their dividend payments as they received government assistance during the height of the crisis. Today, those that remain are in a much stronger position and are in the process of returning their dividend payments to normalized levels.
o Examples of Dividend Normalization:
Wells Fargo increased its dividend per share twice
thus far in 2013 (through April 30) for a total increase of 36%—meaning that approximately $1.7 billion more will be returned to shareholders. J.P. Morgan increased its dividend per share 27% during the same period, resulting in an incremental increase of $1.26 billion being returned to shareholders.
• Information Technology:
Tech firms have historically been associated with reinvesting the bulk of their profits back into their businesses to finance future growth. More recently, when returning money to shareholders, they have heavily favored share buybacks
over dividend payments. While both of these characteristics remain true, some of the largest tech firms in the United States have so much cash that they are also becoming some of the largest payers of indicated cash dividends.
o Specific examples of technology dividend leaders:
With the re-instatement of its first dividend since 1996, Apple is currently (as of April 30, 2013) indicated to be the largest dividend payer in the United States, with a cash Dividend Stream
of nearly $11.5 billion per year. According to an April 23, 2013, announcement, this dividend is part of a plan to return approximately $100 billion to shareholders by the end of 2015.1
introduced its first dividend in April of 2011. At the time, Cisco was indicated to be the 40th-largest dividend payer in the U.S. based on its indicated cash dividends.2
With following dividend hikes of 75% in the third quarter of 2012 and another 21% in the first quarter of 2013, it became one of the 20 largest dividend payers in the U.S.
We find it interesting that the trend in U.S. dividend payments has shifted so quickly from basically a record fall to record acceleration. Additionally, we believe that the sector trends we’ve outlined—specifically in Information Technology—have the potential to continue. In our next blog, we’ll discuss what we believe to be the potential consequences of missing the trends in these sectors, thereby potentially missing significant drivers of dividend growth in the United States.
Read our full research here.
View Jeremy Schwartz discuss dividends.
Apple Press Info, “Apple More than Doubles Capital Return Program,” April 23, 2013.
Based on the 11/30/2011 screening for the WTDI, a screening that does not include any growth-of-dividend qualifications to determine constituent eligibility.