WisdomTree

Equity, U.S. Dividend Growth Series

Dividend Growers Cheaper Than Dividend Yielders?

by Jeremy Schwartz, Director of Research on June 17, 2013

We have been writing about our new Index of dividend-paying stocks with growth characteristics quite extensively since we launched the WisdomTree U.S. Dividend Growth Index in May. Given some of the market movements that occurred in May across the landscape of U.S. dividend-paying stocks, the launch of this strategy looks particularly timely.

A number of analysts believe dividend-paying stocks with the highest dividend yields1 are expensive compared to other parts of the equity market2. A rise in the long-term interest rates in the U.S. put some pressure on the performance of stocks with the highest dividend yields in May3.

In a piece written May 28, 2013, we noted that the price-to-earnings (P/E) ratios of two dividend indexes—the WisdomTree Equity Income Index, which focuses on the highest dividend yielding stocks in the U.S4 , and the WisdomTree U.S. Dividend Growth Index, which focuses on dividend stocks with growth characteristics5 —were almost identical and under 15x.

What is interesting about these similar P/E ratios is that the WisdomTree U.S. Dividend Growth Index had long-term earnings growth expectations that were about 5 percentage points higher than those of the WisdomTree Equity Income Index, as of May 31, 2013. Simply put, this means that, relative to their P/E ratios, one is not paying a premium P/E multiple to get access to the higher long-term earnings growth expectations of the U.S. Dividend Growth index.

Median Forward P/Es of High Dividend Growers minus High Dividend Yielders

For definitions of terms and indexes, visit our Glossary.

Ned Davis Research (NDR) recently published a note on a similar theme, where they conclude that the valuations of “S&P 500 Growers” is at one of the lowest points compared to “S&P 500 Yielders” based on their analysis of median forward P/E ratios from June 30, 1981, to May 31, 2013. In the last 30 years, it was rare for the discount on S&P 500 Growers to be as low as it currently is compared to the S&P 500 Yielders.

Conclusion
While the NDR research focuses on a different methodology, utilizing the S&P 500 Growers and S&P 500 Yielders, we believe that the ultimate conclusion—that the market may currently be paying more for dividend yield than for dividend growth—is the same as what we indicated through the statistics referenced on our Equity Income and U.S. Dividend Growth Indexes. NDR concluded in this latest research note that “dividend portfolios should include more than the highest yielders. Look for companies that are growing their dividends and have the earnings and cash flow to support the growth.”6
I agree fully with this statement, as well as with the valuation picture that NDR paints with the last 30 years of historical valuation data in the chart. I believe this indicates a potential opportunity among U.S. dividend payers characterized more accurately by dividend growth than dividend yield.

Data source is Bloomberg unless otherwise noted.

1“Dividend-paying stocks with the highest dividend yields” refers to those stocks in the defensive sectors, specifically the S&P 500 Telecommunication Services Index, the S&P 500 Utilities Index and the S&P 500 Consumer Staples Index, as of 5/31/2013.
2 The market refers to the S&P 500 Index. These three sectors indexes have higher price-to-earnings (P/E) ratios than the broader S&P 500 Index. P/E ratio refers to share price divided by earnings per share. Lower numbers indicate greater amounts of earnings per dollar invested.
3Refers to the U.S. 10-Year Treasury Note’s yield shifting from 1.67% as of 4/30/2013 to 2.13% as of 5/31/2013.
4 “Highest dividend-yielding stocks in the U.S.” refers to the top 30% of stocks ranked by dividend yield from the WisdomTree Dividend Index.
5 Refers to stocks from the universe of the WisdomTree Dividend Index with relatively higher long-term earnings growth expectations, return on assets and return on equity.
6Ed Clissold, CFA, and Dan Sanborn, “Did Bernanke End the Dividend Trade?,” Ned Davis Research Group, May 30, 2013.

Important Risks Related to this Article

Dividends are not guaranteed, and a company’s future ability to pay dividends may be limited. A company currently paying dividends may cease paying dividends at any time.
You cannot invest directly in an index.

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